Avec les reportages du guide du routard, découvrez en photo le monde avec un regard de routard. Longe spoke little or no French and Cammaerts took offense at the unannounced arrival of Longe's team, calling them "unprofessional voyeurs" and asserting his authority as the senior British official on the ground in southeastern France. GR ® 91 : la traversée du Vercors. Les cartes en relief de la marque française 3DMAP sont 100% conçues et fabriquées en France. In 2011 the Belgian TV channels RTBF and VRT broadcast a documentary film by André Bossuroy, addressing the memory of the victims of Nazism and of Stalinism ICH BIN, with support from the Fondation Hippocrène and from the EACEA Agency of the European Commission (Programme Europe for citizens – An active European remembrance), RTBF, VRT. [8][9] Unlike a flat-topped mesa, three ridges run along the top of the massif from north to south. With eight to ten thousand soldiers, Pflaum established a cordon of soldiers around the massif to prevent the escape of maquis and on 21 July launched a full-scale attack. Voir le Massif du Vercors dans Google Earth. Reserve-Division of the Wehrmacht:[2] [37], Peter Lieb spécifies that the commander of the Sipo-SD of Lyon (KDS), SS-Obersturmbannführer (SS Lieutenant Colonel) Werner Knab, was also airborne on Vassieux on 21 July. They investigate the events of the Second World War in Germany (the student movement of the White Rose in Munich), in France (the Vel' d'Hiv Roundup in Paris, the resistance in Vercors) and in Russia (Katyn Forest massacre). On D-Day, Cammaerts on the Vercors Massif, gave the message to the maquis that, while clandestine sabotage should continue, they should remain hidden as "it would be at least two months before they would be needed." [28], By that first evening it was clear that the German assault was succeeding. Autre solution : utiliser les flèches de direction sur le plan. Descriptif complet » La technologie utilisée permet une grande précision.Esthétiques et ludiques, les cartes font aussi l'objet d'une recherche mettant en évidence le caractère et le patrimoine du territoire : informations touristiques, culturelles, sportives, géographiques. Le Grand Veymont, point culminant du massif du Vercors; Le Mont Aiguille, l'une des richesses naturelles du massif ... Afficher la carte Voir le site du camping France > Drôme > Die. Site officiel « Intercommunalité-Métropole de CC du Massif du Vercors (243801024) », Séries historiques sur la population et le logement en 2014, INSEE - RGP 2014, 29 juin 2017 (consulté le 7 mai 2018). Communauté de communes du massif du Vercors - Pôle Tourisme 19 Chemin de la Croix Margot 38 250 Villard de Lans TEL : 0456005630 info@vercors.fr Ouverture : du lundi au vendredi de 9h à … Carte Lans-en-Vercors - Carte et plan détaillé Lans-en-Vercors Vous recherchez la carte ou le plan Lans-en-Vercors et de ses environs ? Cammaerts arranged for the first airdrop of arms and supplies by the SOE to the Vercors maquis on 13 November 1943. about 400 paratroopers (special units from Fallschirm-Kampfgruppe Schäfer[34]). Almost all the 157. Other units: Le massif du Vercors, situé entre les villes de Grenoble et de Valence, ne compte pas moins de 200 000 hectares et est composé de 8 régions naturelles: Vercors-Drôme, Royans-Drôme, Royans-Isère, Diois, Trièves, Quatre-montagnes, Gervanne et Piémont Nord. I./98, II./98, 99 and 100 from the Reserve-Gebirgsjäger-Regiment 1); 217 remained in the southern Alps at Embrun); The Free Republic had its own flag, i.e., the French Republic tricolour featuring the Cross of Lorraine and the "V" for Vercors and Victory (both used as a signature by General Charles de Gaulle's Free French Forces), and its coat of arms, the French Alpine Chamois. Voir les formats et éditions Masquer les autres formats et éditions. [22], While François Huet was attempting to create a conventional army from the maquis, journalist and De Gaulle supporter Yves Farge was organizing the politics of the Vercors resistance. A 30km de Grenoble, le massif du Vercors regroupe plusieurs stations-villages : Villard de Lans, Corrençon en Vercors, Autrans-Méaudre en Vercors, Lans en Vercors, St Nizier du Moucherotte et le Col de Romeyère, les Coulmes. [31], According to the order of battle of 8 July 1944 from General Niehoff, Kommandant des Heeresgebietes Südfrankreich (military region of southern France), about operation Bettina against Maquis du Vercors, it appears that the Germans deployed nearly 10,000 soldiers and policemen under General Karl Pflaum:[32] The Maquis du Vercors was a rural group of the French Forces of the Interior (FFI) that resisted the 1940–1944 German occupation of France in World War II.The Maquis du Vercors used the prominent scenic plateau known as the Massif du Vercors (Vercors Plateau) as a refuge. He would have played an important part in the torture and the slaughter of the Maquisards of Vercors and the inhabitants of Vassieux. Working with the maquis to collect the canisters was a newly arrived SOE courier, Christine Granville (Krystyna Skarbek), "World War II's most glamorous spy. L’implantation des camps réfractaires, puis maquisards, dans le massif du Vercors, a débuté dès la fin 1942. Grâce à notre carte des stations de ski, localiser en un coup d’œil toutes les destinations ski de Massif du Vercors. An important German air force base was located at Chabeuil, just below the southwestern rim of the Vercors. [27], German Lt. General Karl Ludwig Pflaum was the commander of the German forces attacking the Vercors maquis. Pour en savoir plus, nous vous conseillons également de consulter le guide sur le Massif du Vercors ainsi que les photos du Massif du Vercors et le forum sur l'Isère. Cammaerts liked the Vercors plan. La première implantation fut le maquis de la Ferme d’Ambel en décembre 1942, sous couvert d’une exploitation forestière. by the early months of 1943, the forest and fastnesses of places like the Vercors had become home and refuge to a polyglot collection of the elements of defeated France: its new generations, its old administrators, its competing political parties, its heterodox communities and the scattered fragments of its once proud army. Châteaux, forts, manoirs. [10] [11]. To avoid the STO tens of thousands of men fled to the mountains and forests of France and joined the maquis, the rural resistance fighters against the German occupation. Eglises, abbayes, chapelles. Camping Le Glandasse. During the remainder of June, the Germans sent several more probing attacks onto the Vercors. L' Avis Du Vieux. [13] In 1943, three men, mountaineer Pierre Dalloz, soldier Alain Le Ray, and writer Jean Prévost developed a plan to use the Vercors as a redoubt and a staging area for resistance to the German occupation. The contradictions are illustrated by the differences in the D-Day messages of allied commander Dwight D. Eisenhower and Free French leader Charles de Gaulle. 15,40 € Carte IGN TOP 75 n° 1 - Massif du Vercors. The movie, composed of Allied clandestine film recordings and German newsreels, focuses on the battle of the Vercors Plateau during July 1944.[39]. The small German force was repulsed by the maquis controlling the only road leading up the massif to Saint-Nizier. Along with Cammaerts they organized, trained, and armed the maquis to prepare them for an important role in support of the allied invasion of southern France. Günther Gellermann says that the Fallschirm-Kampfgruppe "Schäfer" was under Luftflotte 3 command and no longer under Kampfgeschwader 200 command.[38]. TOP75001 Massif du Vercors TOP75002 Chartreuse / Belledonne TOP75003 Massif de la Vanoise TOP75004 Beaufortain / Massif du Mont Blanc TOP75005 Briançonnais / Queyras TOP75006 Massif des Écrins / Oisans / Champsaur TOP75007 Entre Léman et Mont-Blanc / Chablais / Faucigny TOP75008 Ubaye / Val d’Allos / Lac de Serre-Ponçon Pour vous déplacer, rien de plus simple, il suffit de laisser appuyé le bouton gauche de la souris et de la déplacer. 4 reserve mountain light infantry battalions (Btl. The few French and allied instructors tried everything to train them fully but, owing to shortage of time and ammunition, this task turned out to be too challenging. On 3 July 1944 Farge and a committee proclaimed the founding of the Free Republic of Vercors, the first independent territory in France since the beginning of the German occupation in 1940. Massif du Vercors; Liens externes. Description : Les cartes IGN TOP75 sont taillées sur mesure pour les inconditionnels des activités de plein-air et les amoureux du patrimoine culturel et historique de nos régions. La vue 'Map' est une carte du Massif du Vercors routière alors que la vue 'Satellite' est évidemment une vue satellite. Massif du Vercors. Les calcaires blancs à Rudistes (faciès urgonien), calcaires à grains fins d'une remarquable pureté chimique (99%) et d'une fai¬ ble porosité (1 à 3,8%), se disposent en bancs épais et compacts sur 200 à 300 m d'épaisseur. Notice explicative du plan de Parc: c’est une légende « améliorée » du plan de Parc, qui en facilite la compréhension et permet de faire le lien avec les mesures; Carte stratégique; Zoom Communauté de communes du Massif du Vercors Zoom Communauté de communes du Royans-Vercors Cartes … [30], Casualties among the maquis during the battle were heavy with estimates of 659 maquis fighters and 201 civilians killed. Désactiver les filtres Filtrer la recherche. Par défaut, la vue 'Hybrid' vous montre une vue satellite superposée par quelques noms de rues. The porous limestone rocks and karst terrain result in an extensive system of caves and caverns and a scarcity of surface water in the form of streams, springs, and shallow wells. 1 security battalion (I./Sicherungs-Regiment 200); German columns advanced south along a road from Saint-Nizier in the northeast and from the south along a road from the town of Die. Vercors a vélo - Cols et Routes du Vercors Les routes du Vercors à vélo réservent des vues grandioses à la découverte des gorges et des cols du massif. De Saint-Nizier-du-Moucherotte à Brantes, vous ferez alors la découverte de longs balcons, avant de rejoindre la zone désertique des hauts plateaux pour enfin basculer dans une région aux accents méditerranéens. The maquis also anticipated incorrectly that allied paratroopers would land on the massif to assist them and that they would be supplied with anti-tank and other heavy weapons to fight the Germans. Ce massif se trouve à l'est de la vallée du Rhône, entre les vallées de l'Isère, au nord, et de la Drôme, au sud. Kampfgruppe "Zabel" (1 infantry battalion from the 9. ©2021 Visocrea | Mentions légales et Conditions d'utilisation | + d'infos sur Visoterra / Contact, Voir le Massif du Vercors dans Google Earth, Mentions légales et Conditions d'utilisation. Huet hid in the forests until 6 August when he attempted to rally his surviving forces and, reverting to guerilla tactics, on 8 August the maquis carried out several raids, claiming they killed 27 Germans. The long-expected allied landing in southern France took place on 15 August and the allied forces advanced rapidly northward, aided by the maquis. D'ailleurs l'étude comparée des deux rives de la "cluse" de l'Isère (carte ci-après) montre que les structures tectoniques de la partie nord du massif … Septembre : ouvert du lundi au samedi de 9h à 12h et de 14h30 à 18h - Dimanche de 9h30 à 12h30. The Vercors Massif is a roughly triangular-shaped plateau with a maximum north–south length of 60 kilometres (37 mi) and a maximum width of 40 kilometres (25 mi). Les missions principales du Parc naturel régional sont : préserver et valoriser les milieux naturels, accompagner le développement durable de son territoire dans les domaines de l'agriculture, du tourisme, de la culture, de l'énergie, la mobilité, l'urbanisme... et bien d'autres choses encore 1 police battalion (I./SS-Polizei-Regiment 19); [29], The last gasps of the organized resistance were on 23 July with the surviving maquis taking refuge in the forests or escaping to the lowlands surrounding the Vercors. According to Peter Lieb, at least two DFS-230 and two Go-242 gliders landed a further on, only one Go-242 with weaponry and supplies landed on Vassieux, so the second wave of assault consisted only of about a hundred and fifty soldiers. Only a few roads climb the steep slopes to access the massif and the population lives in a few small villages. Le Vercors est le plus méridional de tous les massifs subalpins septentrionaux (voir le "glossaire géographique").Il s'étend au sud-ouest de Grenoble, entre la vallée de la basse Isère à l'ouest (Bas Dauphiné) et celle du Drac à l'est ().Une caractéristique souvent soulignée est le fait qu'il est limité pratiquement de tous côtés par une barrière de falaises. L'indispensable carte de randonnée IGN 3236OTR imprimée en recto-verso aux alentours de Villard-De-Lans/Mont Aiguille/Pnr du Vercors. Massif du Vercors Le Vercors est un massif montagneux des Alpes françaises du Nord situé sur les départements de l' Isère et de la Drôme dans la région Rhône-Alpes. It was also decided that Huet's superior officer in the FFI, Henri Zeller who was present at the meeting, would escape the Vercors with SOE agents Cammaerts, Granville, and wireless operator Auguste Floiras to coordinate the resistance in other areas. [15], The Germans had no soldiers stationed on the Vercors Massif, but in response to sabotage activities of the maquis conducted periodic raids usually launched from Grenoble. Retrouvez tous les cartes et guides touristiques Michelin, par collection et thématique. The large majority of the fighters were young and inexperienced men. The allies supported the maquis with parachute drops of weapons and by supplying teams of advisors and trainers, but the uprising was premature. The Maquis du Vercors is depicted and veterans act in Pierre Schoendoerffer's 2002 feature film Above the Clouds (Là-Haut), and in the third season of the British TV programme Wish Me Luck, which first aired in 1990. Affichez sur la carte : Lieu incontournable. Shot and wounded, he was evacuated in a Fieseler Fi 156 Storch on 24 July. Vous pouvez également choisir différents types de vues. [20], German repression of the maquis on the Vercors Massif began on 11 June with a reconnaissance-in-force from the city of Grenoble to the village of Saint-Nizier-du-Moucherotte. The area is 135,000 hectares (520 sq mi). The glider landings were supported by warplanes bombing and strafing maquis positions. Massif du Vercors. Sa nature géologique principalement calcaire offre un relief fait de falaises, de crêtes, de vaux, de gorges, plus complexe que le qualificatif de « plateau» pourrait le laisser supposer. The battle and the maquisards of Vercors also prominently feature in Frank Yerby's 1974 novel The Voyage Unplanned. The allies parachuted arms and supplies to the maquis on 27 June and the allies sent two teams to help them: An OSS team of 15 American soldiers commanded by Lt. Vernon G. Hoppers and a four-man SOE team headed by Major Desmond Longe. Ils contraignent les maquisards à quitter le Vercors nord et à se replier au-delà des gorges de la Bourne. Location of the Vercors massif. On 22 August the city of Grenoble was liberated from German control and maquis from the Vercors marched in the victory parade. [LA CHAPELLE EN VERCORS] (WIFI gratuit - Free WIFI) Tel : 04 75 48 22 54. [18] "We shall not forget the bitterness of having been abandoned alone and without support in time of battle," wired the FFI commander to London. The German response was to organize one of their largest anti-resistance military operations in France during World War II. Mais également Gresse en Vercors. The preparations being made for these assaults were readily visible to the maquis; the surprise element in the offensive was the landing of 200 airborne soldiers by glider near the village of Vassieux in the rear of the maquis defense. French director Jean-Paul Le Chanois made ''Au coeur de l'orage'' (In the Heart of the Thunderstorm), a documentary about the French Resistance during the Second World War, in 1948. FIG 1 -Carte de localisation du massif du Vercors. sfn error: multiple targets (2×): CITEREFLieb2012 (, sfn error: multiple targets (2×): CITEREFAshdown2014 (, Garmen, Emma, "World War II's Most Glamorous Spy,", Georg Tessin, "Verbände und Truppen der deutschen Wehrmacht und Waffen-SS im Zweiten Weltkrieg 1939 – 1945", Günther W. Gellermann, "Moskau ruft Heeresgruppe Mitte: Was nicht im Wehrmachtbericht stand - Die Einsätze des geheimen Kampfgeschwaders 200 im Zweiten Weltkrieg", Bernard & Graefe, Koblenz, 1988, German occupation of France in World War II, The Vercors in History through a few dates, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Battle_of_Vercors&oldid=999117997, Free French military personnel of World War II, Military history of France during World War II, Battles of World War II involving Germany, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 8 January 2021, at 15:52. Autre solution : utiliser les flèches de direction sur le plan. Initially the maquis carried out only sabotage and partisan operations against the Germans, but after the Normandy Invasion on 6 June 1944, the leadership of an army of about 4,000 maquis declared the "Free Republic of Vercors," raised the French flag, and attempted to create a conventional army to oppose the German occupation. [37], Thomas and Ketley[34] wrote that the Fallschirm-Kampfgruppe "Schäfer" was detached from Kampfgeschwader 200 on 8 June 1944. To the contrary on June 8, Marcel Descour, the regional leader of the French Resistance, instructed Francois Huet, the newly named commander of the Vercors marquis, to mobilize. Naviguez directement sur la carte ou sélectionnez les stations de ski de votre choix dans la liste proposée sur la gauche de la carte. [19] The priorities of the allied forces were the Normandy front and the upcoming Operation Dragoon landing in Southern France, not the maquis of Vercors. Villes et villages remarquables. 3 Ost-Bataillonen (Ostlegionen); Afficher Parc du Vercors sur une carte plus grandeParc du Vercors sur une carte plus grande 2 reserve infantry battalions (Btl. The Germans also used the Milice (a pro-German French paramilitary militia) to suppress the growing strength of the resistance on the Vercors massif. Juillet et août: tous les jours : 09:30 à 12:00 - 14:30 à 18:00. Le Vercors s’étend sur un vaste massif de moyenne montagne entre Isère et Drôme. It was made up of volunteers out of Fallschirmjäger-Bewährungstruppe (probationary troops), mustered at Tangerhütte and trained for three months at Dedelstorf in order to launch an attack from gliders. Une gamme de cartes en relief, qui vous permet de découvrir et de comprendre le paysage de la France métropolitaine. The American team led by Hoppers and the SOE team led by Longe both escaped. De ce fait, il est divisé en plusieurs régions, géographiquement et historiquement distinctes : les Quatre Montagnes, les Coulmes, le Vercors Drôm… When Huet objected that he had neither the men nor the arms to defend Vercors, Descour assured him that the allies would send reinforcements. Le massif du Vercors est un massif montagneux des Préalpes, à cheval sur les départements français de l'Isère et de la Drôme, culminant à 2 341 mètres d'altitude au Grand Veymont. [14], In August 1943, Francis Cammaerts, code named Roger, an agent of the United Kingdom's clandestine Special Operations Executive (S0E) organization, journeyed to the Vercors and met with French soldier Eugène Chavant. Massif du Vercors. Aux portes du Vercors, Saint-Nazaire-en-Royans est un hameau pittoresque, situé sur le lac de retenue de l’Isère, juste au confluent avec la Bourne. [36] According to Peter Lieb, two gliders crashed and eight of them landed a bit further on, so the first wave of assault consisted only of about a hundred soldiers. 2 reserve artillery batteries (from Res.Geb.Art.Abt. Du relief général de la France jusqu’à ceux, plus détaillés du massif du Mont-Blanc, des Alpes ou des Pyrénées, c’est une vision en trois dimensions de vos régions préférées qui … Bien guidés vraiment libres ! Enfin, pour centrer la carte du Massif du Vercors sur un point précis, double cliquez dessus! On January 6, 1944, a three-man "Union" mission, including US Marine Peter Ortiz from the American Office of Strategic Services (OSS), Colonel Pierre Fourcaud, of the French secret service, and Harry Thackthwaite of the SOE, to evaluate the capabilities of the Resistance in the Alpine region of France. Beginning in 1942, the Service du Travail Obligatoire (STO) (Compulsory Work Service) resulted in the deportation of hundreds of thousands of young French men to Nazi Germany to work as labour for the German war effort. Villes et villages à découvrir. In August 1944, shortly after the battle for the Vercors, the area was liberated from German control by the American army allied with the French Forces of the Interior (FFI). One issue was whether the maquis should rise in armed opposition to the Germans immediately after D-Day or wait until later when they could be of maximum help to the allies. [23][24], On 14 July, 72 American B-17's dropped by parachute 870 CLE Canisters containing weapons, including anti-tank bazookas, and supplies to the Maquis of Vercors. about 200 Feldgendarmen; Eisenhower urged all the maquis in France to be cautious and patient; De Gaulle's emotional message was interpreted by the maquis as a call to take up arms immediately. Massif du Vercors. These characteristics would be important during the battle as the Germans took control of the water sources and ambushed maquis seeking water. Les 13 et 15 juin, les Allemands, provoqués par le déploiement d'un immense drapeau aux couleurs de la République libre du Vercors, visible depuis la vallée, occupent Saint-Nizier, accès le plus aisé vers le massif du Vercors. It was a short-lived republic; it ceased to exist before the end of the month. Le Vercors. Pour vous déplacer, rien de plus simple, il suffit de laisser appuyé le bouton gauche de la souris et de la déplacer. Les cartes en relief sont une autre manière d’appréhender la représentation d’une région, d’un massif montagneux grâce à la 3D. The maquis commander Huet had a meeting of his leaders and they decided to continue to fight until defeat was inevitable and then disperse to the forest and mountains of the massif, anticipating that the Germans would soon withdraw. The Maquis du Vercors was a rural group of the French Forces of the Interior (FFI) (maquis) that resisted the 1940–1944 German occupation of France in World War II. Pour zoomer ou dézoomer, vous pouvez utiliser les boutons + et - présents sur la carte. Parcourez le monde grâce à cette carte du Massif du Vercors interactive. The first raid was on 25 November 1943 and resulted in a wireless operator captured and another wounded. [7] The lowlands surrounding the steep-sided plateau average about 250 metres (820 ft) in elevation above sea level while the top of the massif has an average elevation of about 1,000 metres (3,300 ft) with a maximum elevation of 2,341 metres (7,680 ft) at Grand Veymont. B - Du point de vue structural le Vercors est, dans sa majeure partie, assez similaire à la partie occidentale de la Chartreuse. À la fois éducative et décorative, cette carte thermoformée IGN permet de découvrir d’un simple regard les richesses de la Chartreuse et du Vercors … The maquis sent a bitter message to the Free French authorities in Algiers and to the SOE in London telling them that they were "criminals and cowards" for not sending help. It was a daylight drop and the Germans quickly detected it and launched air strikes to bomb the canisters, the maquis attempting to recover them, and the village of Vassieux, destroying one-half of the 85 houses in the village.