død 28.6.1917 Mont Cornillet (sammenstyrtning) NØ for Reims. Most of the objectives had been reached by the evening of 10 April, except for the line between Wancourt and Feuchy around Neuville-Vitasse.  , The Battle of La Malmaison (Bataille de la Malmaison 23–27 October 1917) led to the French capture of the village and fort of La Malmaison and control of the Chemin des Dames ridge. Min farfar var før krigen stationsassistent ved Kleinbahn’en. Ground communication with the German artillery was made more reliable by running telephone lines along steep slopes and deep valleys which were relatively free of French artillery-fire; wireless control stations had been set up during the winter to link aircraft to the guns. The French part of the offensive was intended to be strategically decisive by breaking through the German defences on the Aisne front within 48 hours, with casualties expected to be around 10,000 men. Two days later a battalion of the 166th Division staged a demonstration and on 20 May, the 128th Regiment of the 3rd Division and the 66th Regiment of the 18th Division refused orders; individual incidents of insubordination occurred in the 17th Division. Hi all, I hope this subject is in the right place. By early April German air reinforcements had arrived the Arras front, telephone networks had been completed and a common communications system for the air and ground forces built. Un massif de 200 mètres de haut, à quelques kilomètres de Reims.  Preparing the Nivelle Offensive was a huge and costly undertaking, involving c. 1.2 million troops and 7,000 artillery pieces on a front between Reims and Roye. The principal effort was an attack on the German positions along the Chemin des Dames ridge, in the Second Battle of the Aisne and an eventual link with the British. No need to register, buy now! You must also include a United States public domain tag to indicate why this work is in the public domain in the United States. The Franco-British attacks were tactically successful; the French Third Army of Groupe d'armées du Nord (GAN, Northern Army Group) captured the German defences west of the Hindenburg Line (Siegfriedstellung) near St. Quentin from 1 to 4 April, before further attacks were repulsed. The main German effort was made in the centre, with five attacks against the Californie plateau from 3 to 6 June, followed by another German attack on 17 June. Nivelle claimed that a massive barrage on German lines would bring France victory in 48 hours.  The campaign ended in November when the Canadian Corps captured Passchendaele. Le mont Cornillet est un sommet du département français de la Marne culminant à 206 mètres d'altitude sur la commune de Prosnes, à l'est de Reims.. Il constitue un site de combats de la Première Guerre mondiale, en Champagne.En effet, cette position stratégique est occupée dès la fin de la première bataille de la Marne par les Allemands qui la fortifient puissamment. The French General Robert Nivelle experienced a meteoric rise and fall in 1916 and 1917, soaring from his original position leading the Third Army Corps to command of the Second Army, then commander of all the French armies in northern France, before plunging to discredit and disgrace – all in a little over a year. French advance between Mont Cornillet and Mont Blond (Champagne). French infantry advance on the Chemin des Dames. If the file has been modified from its original state, some details such as the timestamp may not fully reflect those of the original file. Engeland, 1915. French engineers based theirs on the 340mm guns that armed the new French battleships (Bretagne-class); the guns had their bore considerably enlargened. Cornillet has won several awards e.g. Political, etc.  The resistance of the German 4th Army, unusually wet weather, the onset of winter and the diversion of British and French resources to Italy, following the Austro-German victory at the Battle of Caporetto (24 October – 19 November) allowed the Germans to avoid a general withdrawal, which had seemed inevitable to them in October. truetrue. Select from premium French Zouaves of the highest quality. The Second Battle of the Aisne began on 16 April but the duration and extent of the battle have been interpreted differently. The "Monts" were held against a German counter-attack on 19 April by the 5th, 6th ( Eingreif divisions) and the 23rd division and one regiment between Nauroy and Moronvilliers. , The Fifth Army attacked on 16 April at 6:00 a.m., which dawned misty and overcast. Passé aux 328e régiments d'infanterie le 1er juillet 1915 ; Passé au 48e régiment d'infanterie le 21 septembre 1915 (en exécution de la dépêche 212 M. du général commandant la 11e région, du 16 septembre 1915) Soldat de 2e classe ; Tué à l'ennemi le 4 mai 1917 au mont Cornillet ; Avis 11 - et n° bis 371013 du 9 juin 1917 ; Campagnes After the costly fighting at the Verdun and on the Somme in 1916, General Robert Nivelle replaced Marshal Joseph Joffre as the commander of the French armies on the Western Front in December. , Zero hour had been set for 5:45 a.m. but a German message ordering the front garrisons to be ready at 5:30 a.m. was intercepted and zero hour was moved forward to 5:15 a.m. Rain began to fall at 6:00 a.m. and a force of 63 Schneider CA1 and Saint-Chamond tanks, were impeded by mud and many bogged down. To the south of the road the initial objective was Devil's Wood to Tilloy-lès-Mofflaines and Bois des Boeufs, with a final objective of the Monchyriegel (Monchy switch line) between Wancourt and Feuchy. Sous Lieutenant Georges Picquet fought on the Mont Cornillet in the Champagne until he was wounded in April 1918. The next stage of the Allied strategy was an advance to Torhout–Couckelaere, to close the German-controlled railway running through Roulers and Thourout. https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0 The Cornet (1915) Plot. 51 . 1915. Warrant instituting "Order of the British Empire" published. Sturm-Kompagnie, Sturm-Abteilung Rohr was one of the first casualties of the most famous assault units of the war. The German retirement was carried out urgently and many guns were left behind, along with "vast" stocks of munitions. From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository, Add a one-line explanation of what this file represents, date QS:P,+1915-00-00T00:00:00Z/9,P1480,Q5727902.  On the west bank, the Moroccan Division was repulsed on the right and captured Mont sans Nom on the left. The village fell that day, although the German garrisons in some parts of Monchyriegel held out for several more days. By 26 August the French had captured 9,500 prisoners, thirty guns, 100 trench mortars and 242 machine-guns. On 3 May the French 2nd Division refused to follow orders to attack and this mutiny soon spread throughout the army.  In 1919, Pierrefeu gave French casualties from 16 to 25 April as 118,000, of whom 28,000 were killed, 5,000 died of wounds, 80,000 were wounded, 20,000 of whom were fit to return to their units by 30 April and 5,000 were taken prisoner. By 16 May the British had made significant advances and captured 254 German guns but had been unable to achieve a breakthrough. Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. , The attack on the right flank of the Sixth Army, which faced north between Oulches and Missy, took place from Oulches to Soupir and had less success than the Fifth Army; the II Colonial Corps advanced for 0.80 km (0.5 mi) in the first thirty minutes and was then stopped. The French infantry and 21 tanks reached the German second position according to plan, the 38th Division captured Fort de Malmaison and XXI Corps took Allemant and Vaudesson.  The British engaged in several general attacks and limited attacks, which took more ground but became increasingly costly, against a German defence which recovered from the defeats of 9 April and organised reverse-slope defences, which were much easier to hold. When the infantry advanced over the far edge of the ridge, German artillery and machine-guns on the valley floor had direct observation over the British, whose artillery was less able to provide covering fire. https://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/mark/1.0/PDMCreative Commons Public Domain Mark 1.0falsefalse, auteur inconnu . By 28 May, mutinies had occurred in the 9th Division, 158th Division, 5th Division and the 1st Cavalry Division. , The army, politicians and public were stunned by the chain of events and on 16 May, Nivelle was sacked and moved to North Africa. The British Third and First armies achieved the deepest advance since trench warfare began, along the Scarpe river in the Battle of Arras, which inflicted many losses on the Germans, attracted reserves and captured Vimy Ridge to the north. The failure of the Nivelle strategy and the high number of French casualties led to mutinies and the dismissal of Nivelle, his replacement by Pétain and the adoption of a defensive strategy by the French, while their armies recuperated and were rearmed. Le Mont Cornillet. Nivelle believed the Germans had been exhausted by the battles at Verdun and the Somme and could not resist a breakthrough offensive, which could be completed in 24–48 hours. At a meeting on 6 April, despite the doubts of other politicians, the army group commanders and the British, Alexandre Ribot, the new French Prime Minister supported the plan. From the beginning German machine-gunners were able to engage the French infantry and inflict many casualties, although German artillery-fire was far less destructive. The Sixth Army operations took c. 3,500 prisoners but no break-through as achieved and at only one point had the German second position been reached. The French held a bridgehead 20 km (12 mi) wide on the north bank of the Aisne, south of the Chemin des Dames, from Berry-au-Bac to Fort Condé on the road to Soissons. Original file (1,067 × 577 pixels, file size: 140 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg). March 20th, 1915.  Fighting continued on the lower slopes on the east side of the ridge until 14 June. , German air reconnaissance was possible close to the front although longer-range sorties were impossible to protect because of the greater number of Allied aircraft. Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0  Most of the new French Schneider tanks were destroyed by artillery fire.  From 16–17 May, there were disturbances in a Chasseur battalion of the 127th Division and a regiment of the 18th Division.  In 1920, Hayes wrote that British casualties were 160,000 and Russian casualties 5,183 men. German artillery-observation aircraft crews were able to range guns on terrain features, areas and targets before the offensive began so that the positions of the heaviest French guns, advanced batteries and areas not under French bombardment could be reported quickly along with the accuracy of German return-fire. [873 x 1227] Will van der Vaart Hard Drop. From 20 to 26 August the French conducted the 2ème Bataille Offensive de Verdun (Second Offensive Battle of Verdun). Our division will not be on the hill at all but will occupy the trenches from Auberive, at its foot, to a point near Souain and Ferme de Navarin. Forty-nine infantry and five cavalry divisions were massed on the Aisne front with 5,300 guns. The main offensive was to be delivered by the French on the Chemin des Dames ridge (the Second Battle of the Aisne, La bataille du Chemin des Dames, Seconde bataille de l'Aisne and Doppelschlacht Aisne-Champagne), with a subsidiary attack by the Fourth Army (Third Battle of Champagne, Battle of the Hills, Battle of the Hills of Champagne). The French took 11,157 prisoners, 200 guns and 220 heavy mortars for losses of c. 10,000, from 23 to 26 October. British aerial activity opposite the 6th Army greatly increased and by 6 April Ludendorff was certain that an attack was imminent. I, the copyright holder of this work, hereby publish it under the following license: (1,067 × 577 pixels, file size: 140 KB, MIME type: https://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/mark/1.0/, https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0, Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0. Date: circa 1915 . The final objectives were largely gained before dark and British losses in the morning were light, although the planners had expected casualties of up to 50 per cent in the initial attack. Copyright may extend on works created by French who died for France in World War II (more information), Russians who served in the Eastern Front of World War II (known as the Great Patriotic War in Russia) and posthumously rehabilitated victims of Soviet repressions (more information). Showing all 1 items Jump to: Summaries (1) Summaries. , To the north the First Army attacked from Ecurie north of the Scarpe to Vimy Ridge.  The attack began at 4:45 a.m. in cold rain alternating with snow showers. The speed of attack and the depth of the French objectives meant that there was no time to establish artillery observation posts overlooking the Ailette valley, in the areas where French infantry had reached the ridge. Tunnels and caves under the ridge nullified much of the destructive effect of the French artillery, which was also hampered by poor visibility and by German air superiority, which made French artillery-observation aircraft even less effective. A preliminary attack was to be made by the French Third Army at St. Quentin and the British First, Third and Fifth armies at Arras, to capture high ground and divert German reserves from the French fronts on the Aisne and in Champagne. By the end of May more units of the 5th, 6th, 13th, 35th, 43rd, 62nd, 77th and 170th divisions mutinied, revolts occurred in 21 divisions in May. He is also represented in various collections at Lefranc-Bourgeois; Le Mans Banque Populaire, Nantes and the Collection ville de Saint-Grégoire. , Nivelle ordered the Tenth Army forward between the Fifth and Sixth armies on 21 April and local operations were continued on the fronts of the Fourth and Fifth armies with little success. The rear edge of the German battle zone along the ridge had been reinforced with machine-gun posts; the German divisional commanders chose to fight in the front line and few of the Eingreif divisions were needed to intervene in the battle in the first few days.  Occupation d'un secteur vers le mont Haut et le mont Cornillet. German reserves had been held too far back from the front and did not begin to reach the battlefield until the evening, when they were able only to reinforce the survivors of the front defences in improvised positions. Find the perfect cornillet stock photo.  The French tactic of assault brutal et continu suited the German defensive dispositions, since much of the new construction had taken place on reverse slopes. Find the perfect mont cornillet stock photo. The French infantry reached the new German positions with an advance of 6.4 km (4 mi).  The Russian Revolution, the German withdrawal to the Hindenburg Line and the likelihood of a declaration of war by the US, made some assumptions of the plan obsolete. , On the second day Nivelle ordered the Fifth Army to attack north-eastwards to reinforce success, believing that the Germans intended to hold the ground in front of the Sixth Army. Jul 11, 2016 - View and license Weapons World War One pictures & news photos from Getty Images. The right flank guard to the east of Suippes was established by the 24th Division and Aubérive on the east bank of the river and the 34th Division took Mont Cornillet and Mont Blond. This work is in the public domain in its country of origin and other countries and areas where the copyright term is the author's life plus 70 years or fewer. New tactics had been used, particularly in the first phase and had demonstrated that set-piece assaults against elaborately fortified positions could be successful. Fighting known as the Battle of the Observatories continued for local advantage all summer on the Chemin des Dames and along the Moronvilliers heights east of Reims. The Monts were held against a German counter-attack on 19 April by the 5th and 6th (Eingreif divisions,) the 23rd Division and one regiment between Nauroy and Moronvilliers. Dawn reconnaissance had been ordered, to scrutinise French preparations and they gave the first warning of attack on 16 April. The Nivelle Offensive (16 April – 9 May 1917), was a Franco-British operation on the Western Front in the First World War. In May 1917. The Nivelle Offensive, was a Franco-British operation on the Western Front in the First World War. The Third Army consolidated and then advanced on Monchy-le-Preux. Mont de la Ferme de Navarin Camp militaire de Suippes Golf de la Grande Romaine BOUY La Main de Massiges La Ferme d'Alger terrain d'aviation militaire dés 1915 et jusqu'à la fin de la Guerre Côte 144 ou secteur 144 Mont Cornillet QUARTIER . To the east of Vauxaillon at the north end of the Sixth Army, Mont des Singes was captured with the help of British heavy artillery but then lost to a German counter-attack. Gas bombardments on low-lying land near the canal dispersed very slowly and became so dense that the carriage of ammunition and supplies to the front was made impossible. First World War, mobilization, declaration of war: a group of soldiers with a cloth to throw one of them into the air during preparations for the battle at the front. The capture of the Dragon's Cave marked the beginning of the Battle of the Observatories proper, which lasted all summer, as both sides fought for possession of the high ground on the Chemin des Dames. An attack by the Tenth Army took Vauclair and the I Colonial Corps took the ruins of Laffaux Mill, before operations were suspended again on 8 May. Ludendorff wrote that the French army had "quickly overcome its depression". , The offensive advanced the front line by 6–7 km (3.7–4.3 mi) on the front of the Sixth Army, which took 5,300 prisoners and a large amount of equipment. Sidste adr. From 16 April – 10 May the Fourth, Fifth, Sixth and Tenth armies took 28,500 prisoners and 187 guns. To the north-east of the hill the advance reached a depth of 2.4 km (1.5 mi) and next day the advance was pressed beyond Mont Haut and Mont Cornet was captured on 5 May. On 6 April a division was seen encamped near Arras, troop and transport columns crowded the streets, more narrow-gauge railways and artillery were seen to have moved closer to the front. German infantry massed in the woods between Monronvilliers and Nauroy, opposite the VIII Corps front and after a preliminary bombardment, attacked Mont Cornillet and Mont Blond, from 9:00 a.m. to 4:00 p.m. The Tenth Army captured the Californie plateau on the Chemin des Dames and the Sixth Army captured the Siegfriedstellung for 4.0 km (2.5 mi) along the Chemin des Dames and advanced at the salient opposite Laffaux. Please edit this file's description and provide a source.  The ground at Brimont began to rise to the west towards Craonne and then reached a height of 180 m (590 ft) along a plateau which continued westwards to Fort Malmaison. Next day Côte 304, Samogneux and Régnieville fell and on 26 August the French reached the southern outskirts of Beaumont. He was replaced by the considerably more cautious Pétain with Foch as chief of the General Staff; the new commanders abandoned the strategy of decisive battle for one of recuperation and defence, to avoid high casualties and to restore morale. 25 septembre – 13 octobre – Retrait du … , On the Aisne front German intelligence had warned that an attack on 15 April against German airfields and observation balloons by the Aéronautique Militaire was planned. , In 2015, Andrew Uffindell wrote that retrospective naming and dating of events can affect the way in which the past is understood. The development of a large artillery piece was ordered in July of 1915 after seeing the success of German 420mm pieces against Belgian fortifications. The qualitative superiority of German fighters enabled German air observers on short-range sorties, to detect British preparations for an attack on both sides of the Scarpe; accommodation for 150,000 men was identified in reconnaissance photographs. The timestamp is only as accurate as the clock in the camera, and it may be completely wrong. The Fourth Army attacks took 3,550 prisoners and 27 guns. , After the substitution of limited objectives for more breakthrough attempts, a French attack on 4–5 May by two regiments, captured Craonne and took the edge of the Californie plateau but was not able to cross the Ailette River. , Since mid-1915, the British had been covertly digging mines under the German positions on the ridge. From Bermericourt to the Aisne the French attack was repulsed and south of the river French infantry were forced back to their start-line.  On the right bank Bois Talou, Champneuville, Côte 344, part of Bois Fosse, Bois Chaume and Mormont Farm were captured. The ending of the battle is usually given as mid-May but Uffindell called this politically convenient, since it excluded the Battle of La Malmaison, in October, making it easier to blame Nivelle. Herr Hoffmann, Swiss Foreign …  In 1939, Wynne wrote that the French lost 117,000 casualties including 32,000 killed in the first few days but that the effect on military and civilian morale was worse than the casualties. Jeg søger oplysninger om de 2 regimenter min farfar – Christian Blohm var tilknyttet under Den Store Krig – 1) 10.4.1915-15.1.1917 – 4.  The operation had been planned as a decisive blow to the Germans; by 20 April it was clear that the strategic intent of the offensive had not been achieved. On the northern flank which faced east near Laffaux, I Colonial Corps was able to penetrate only a few hundred yard into the defences of the Condé-Riegel (Condé Switch Line). Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. The VI Corps advanced on its west of the Oise–Aisne Canal with its right wing but the left wing was held up. Source: This file is lacking source information. , Grand Quartier Général (GQG), the French general headquarters had predicted c. 10,000 casualties and French medical services were overwhelmed when the offensive began. By the end of 5 May the Sixth Army had reached the outskirts of Allemant and taken c. 4,000 prisoners, by 10 May 28,500 prisoners and 187 guns had been taken by the French armies. This file has been identified as being free of known restrictions under copyright law, including all related and neighboring rights. The Luftstreitkräfte arranged to meet the attack but it was cancelled. , German attacks were conducted against Côte 304 and Mort Homme on 29 and 30 June, beginning a period of attack and counter-attack which continued into July and August. GRzF (Garde Regiment zu Fuss -5. komp) 2) 16.1.1917-28.6.1917 – IR 442 (Infanteri Regiment – 9. komp) død 28.6.1917 ved Cornilletberg (Mont Cornillet) øst for Rheims. The "Monts" were held against a German counter-attack on 19 April by the 5th, 6th ( Eingreif divisions) and the 23rd division and one regiment between Nauroy and Moronvilliers. The number of communication trenches in the defensive zones had been increased, trenches and dug-outs deepened and huge amounts of concrete used to reinforce the fortifications … Courcy on the right flank was captured but the advance was stopped at the Aisne–Marne canal. In late October, the French conducted the Battle of La Malmaison (23–27 October), a limited-objective attack on the west end of the Chemin-des-Dames, which forced the Germans to abandon their remaining positions on Chemin des Dames and retire across the Ailette valley. , On 17 April the Fourth Army on the left of Groupe d'armées de Centre (GAC) began the subsidiary attack in Champagne from Aubérive to the east of Reims which became known as Bataille des Monts, with the VIII, XVII and XII Corps on an 11 km (6.8 mi) front. Free delivery for many products! Over the next two days spokesmen were elected in two regiments of the 69th Division to petition for an end of the offensive.  A record 27,000 French soldiers deserted in 1917; the offensive was suspended on 9 May. German attack on the Teton (Champagne) repulsed. The plan had been in development since December 1916 but the preparations were plagued by delays and information leaks.  In 1962, G. W. L. Nicholson the Canadian official historian, recorded German losses of c. 163,000 and French casualties of 187,000 men. Hiking info, trail maps, and trip reports from Mont Cornillet (202 m) in France 15 juin – 15 octobre – Occupation d'un secteur vers Auberive-sur-Suippe et la ferme de Moscou, réduit à droite, le 2 septembre, jusqu'à l'ouest d'Auberive-sur-Suippe (1) Le 25 septembre, attaques françaises sur le mont Sans Nom (2e BATAILLE DE CHAMPAGNE). All structured data from the file and property namespaces is available under the. Åstrupvej 72. Il fut aussi le théâtre en 1917 d'un des épisodes les plus meurtriers de la guerre. The advance of the Sixth Army was one of the largest made by a French army since trench warfare began. General Smuts to attend War Cabinet meetings. Uffindel wrote that the exclusion of La Malmaison was artificial, since the attack was begun from the ground taken from April to May. A captain of the 1st regiment of zouaves keeps a German wounded at bay during the attack on the Mont Cornillet, Marne, France. , The British conducted a series of attacks in Flanders, beginning with the Battle of Pilckem Ridge (31 July – 2 August), followed by the Battle of Langemarck (16–18 August), The Battle of the Menin Road Ridge (20–25 September), The Battle of Polygon Wood (26 September – 3 October), The Battle of Broodseinde (4 October) The Battle of Poelcappelle (9 October) The First Battle of Passchendaele (12 October) and The Second Battle of Passchendaele (26 October – 10 November) for control of the ridges south and east of the Belgian city of Ypres (Ieper) in West Flanders. The massive offensive that bore his name, launched on April 16, 1917, was supposed to be Nivelle’s crowning achievement, a master stroke that would shatter the German lines, end trench warfare and reo… Find many great new & used options and get the best deals for WW1 GERMAN TRENCHES Bodies LE MONT-CORNILLET Champagne French Patriotic PC c1916 at the best online prices at eBay! The main attack on 13 April made very little progress, against a German defence relying mainly on machine-gun fire and local counter-attacks.  On 4 July, a German attack began on a 17 km (11 mi) front between Craonne and Cerny, followed by French counter-attacks on 7 and 9 July, from 5 May the Germans attacked seventy times in eighty days. On 4 to 5 May Brimont was to be captured, which would have been of great tactical value to the French; the attack was postponed on the orders of the French government and was then cancelled. He dies in October 1915 in an attack on the Schratzmännle. The British remained on the offensive for the rest of the year fighting the battles of Messines, 3rd Ypres and Cambrai. Fader Hans Detlef Blohm – pens. This image may not be in the public domain in these countries, which moreover do not implement the rule of the shorter term.  On 25 October the village and forest of Pinon were captured and the line of the Canal de l'Oise à l'Aisne was reached. England, 1915 ... A captain of the 1st regiment of zouaves keeps a German wounded at bay during the attack on the Mont Cornillet, in Champagne .  Pétain had 40–62 mutineers shot as examples and introduced reforms to improve the welfare of French troops, which had a significant effect in restoring morale. The main French offensive on the Aisne began on 16 April and also achieved considerable tactical success but the attempt to force a strategically decisive battle on the Germans was a costly failure and by 25 April the main offensive had been suspended. This file contains additional information such as Exif metadata which may have been added by the digital camera, scanner, or software program used to create or digitize it. By 25 April most of the fighting had ended. World War One Second World First World Colorized History Colorized Photos German Uniforms Military Uniforms German Army Black And White Pictures. In 2005, Doughty quoted figures of 134,000 French casualties on the Aisne from 16 to 25 April, of whom 30,000 men were killed, 100,000 were wounded and 4,000 were taken prisoner, the casualty rate being the worst since November 1914. Birthe Laursen Art Agency. General Franchet d'Espèrey called La Malmaison "the decisive phase of the Battle...that began on 16 April and ended on 2 November....". On the north bank of the Aisne the French attack was more successful, the 42nd and 69th divisions reached the German second position between the Aisne and the Miette, the advance north of Berry penetrating 4.0 km (2.5 mi). A preliminary attack was to be made by the French Third Army at St Quentin and the British First, Third … Boehn chose to defend the front positions, rather than treat them as an advanced zone and conduct the main defence north of the Canal de l'Oise à l'Aisne.